Chemical Analysis of Natural Himalayan Pink Rock Salt

Below is a spectral analysis of a typical Himalayan pink salt. Different parts of the deposit will differ slightly in their composition. Himalayan salt is a rock salt popular among health food advocates who seek it for the nutritional value of its fairly abundant trace minerals.  Foodies (and the rest of us who just like to explore ways to make food taste better and more fun to create) also love Himalayan salt in its more massive, brick and plate form as Himalayan salt blocks.

Element Symbol Analysis Type
Hydrogen H 0.30 g/kg
Lithium Li 0.40 g/kg
Beryllium Be <0.01 ppm
Boron B <0.001 ppm
Carbon C <0.001 ppm
Nitrogen N 0.024 ppm
Oxygen O 1.20 g/kg
Flouride F- <0.1 g/kg
Sodium Na+ 382.61 g/kg
Magnesium Mg 0.16 g/kg
Aluminum Al 0.661 ppm
Silicon Si <0.1 g/kg
Phosphorus P <0.10 ppm
Sulfur S 12.4 g/kg
Chloride Cl- 590.93 g/kg
Potassium K+ 3.5 g/kg
Calcium Ca 4.05 g/kg
Scandium Sc <0.0001 ppm
Titanium Ti <0.001 ppm
Vanadium V 0.06 ppm
Chromium Cr 0.05 ppm
Manganese Mn 0.27 ppm
Iron Fe 38.9 ppm
Cobalt Co 0.60 ppm
Nickel Ni 0.13 ppm
Copper Cu 0.56 ppm
Zinc Zn 2.38 ppm
Gallium Ga <0.001 ppm
Germanium Ge <0.001 ppm
Arsenic As <0.01 ppm
Selenium Se 0.05 ppm
Bromine Br 2.1 ppm
Rubidium Rb <0.04 ppm
Strontium Sr <0.014 g/kg
Ytterbium Y <0.001 ppm
Zirconium Zr <0.001 ppm
Niobium Nb <0.001 ppm
Molybdenum Mo <0.01 ppm
Technetium Tc N/A unstable isotope
Ruthenium Ru <0.001 ppm
Rhodium Rh <0.001 ppm
Palladium Pd <0.001 ppm
Silver Ag 0.031 ppm
Cadmium Cd <0.01 ppm
Indium In <0.001 ppm
Tin Sn <0.01 ppm
Antimony Sb <0.01 ppm
Tellurium Te <0.001 ppm
Iodine I <0.1 g/kg
Cesium Cs <0.001 ppm
Barium Ba 1.96 ppm
Lanthanum La <0.001 ppm
Cerium Ce <0.001 ppm
Praseodymium Pr <0.001 ppm
Neodymium Nd <0.001 ppm
Promethium Pm N/A unstable isotope
Samarium Sm <0.001 ppm
Europium Eu <3.0 ppm
Gadolinium Gd <0.001 ppm
Terbium Tb <0.001 ppm
Dysprosium Dy <4.0 ppm
Holmium Ho <0.001 ppm
Erbium Er <0.001 ppm
Thulium Tm <0.001 ppm
Ytterbium Yb <0.001 ppm
Lutetium Lu <0.001 ppm
Hafnium Hf <0.001 ppm
Tantalum Ta 1.1 ppm
Wolfram W <0.001 ppm
Rhenium Re <2.5 ppm
Osmium Os <0.001 ppm
Iridium Ir <2.0 ppm
Platinum Pt <0.47 ppm
Gold Au <1.0 ppm
Mercury Hg <0.03 ppm
Thallium Ti <0.06 ppm
Lead Pb <0.10 ppm
Bismuth Bi <0.10 ppm
Polonium Po <0.001 ppm
Astatine At <0.001 ppm
Francium Fr <1.0 ppm
Radium Ra <0.001 ppm
Actinium Ac <0.001 ppm
Thorium Th <0.001 ppm
Protactinium Pa <0.001 ppm
Uranium U <0.001 ppm
Neptunium Np <0.001 ppm
Plutonium Pu <0.001 ppm
Element Symbol # Analysis Type
Hydrogen H 1 0.30 g/kg
Lithium Li 3 0.40 g/kg
Beryllium Be 4 <0.01 ppm
Boron B 5 <0.001 ppm
Carbon C 6 <0.001 ppm
Nitrogen N 7 0.024 ppm
Oxygen O 8 1.20 g/kg
Flouride F- 9 <0.1 g/kg
Sodium Na+ 11 382.61 g/kg
Magnesium Mg 12 0.16 g/kg
Aluminum Al 13 0.661 ppm
Silicon Si 14 <0.1 g/kg
Phosphorus P 15 <0.10 ppm
Sulfur S 16 12.4 g/kg
Chloride Cl- 17 590.93 g/kg
Potassium K+ 19 3.5 g/kg
Calcium Ca 20 4.05 g/kg
Scandium Sc 21 <0.0001 ppm
Titanium Ti 22 <0.001 ppm
Vanadium V 23 0.06 ppm
Chromium Cr 24 0.05 ppm
Manganese Mn 25 0.27 ppm
Iron Fe 26 38.9 ppm
Cobalt Co 27 0.60 ppm
Nickel Ni 28 0.13 ppm
Copper Cu 29 0.56 ppm
Zinc Zn 30 2.38 ppm
Gallium Ga 31 <0.001 ppm
Germanium Ge 32 <0.001 ppm
Arsenic As 33 <0.01 ppm
Selenium Se 34 0.05 ppm
Bromine Br 35 2.1 ppm
Rubidium Rb 37 0.04 ppm
Strontium Sr 38 0.014 g/kg
Ytterbium Y 39 <0.001 ppm
Zirconium Zr 40 <0.001 ppm
Niobium Nb 41 <0.001 ppm
Molybdenum Mo 42 0.01 ppm
Technetium Tc 43 unstable artificial isotope – not included
Ruthenium Ru 44 <0.001 ppm
Rhodium Rh 45 <0.001 ppm
Palladium Pd 46 <0.001 ppm
Silver Ag 47 0.031 ppm
Cadmium Cd 48 <0.01 ppm
Indium In 49 <0.001 ppm
Tin Sn 50 <0.01 ppm
Antimony Sb 51 <0.01 ppm
Tellurium Te 52 <0.001 ppm
Iodine I 53 <0.1 g/kg
Cesium Cs 55 <0.001 ppm
Barium Ba 56 1.96 ppm
Lanthan La 57 <0.001 ppm
Cerium Ce 58 <0.001 ppm
Praseodynium Pr 59 <0.001 ppm
Neodymium Nd 60 <0.001 ppm
Promethium Pm 61 unstable artificial isotope – not included
Samarium Sm 62 <0.001 ppm
Europium Eu 63 <3.0 ppm
Gadolinium Gd 64 <0.001 ppm
Terbium Tb 65 <0.001 ppm
Dysprosium Dy 66 <4.0 ppm
Holmium Ho 67 <0.001 ppm
Erbium Er 68 <0.001 ppm
Thulium Tm 69 <0.001 ppm
Ytterbium Yb 70 <0.001 ppm
Lutetium Lu 71 <0.001 ppm
Hafnium Hf 72 <0.001 ppm
Tantalum Ta 73 1.1 ppm
Wolfram W 74 <0.001 ppm
Rhenium Re 75 <2.5 ppm
Osmium Os 76 <0.001 ppm
Iridium Ir 77 <2.0 ppm
Platinum Pt 78 0.47 ppm
Gold Au 79 <1.0 ppm
Mercury Hg 80 <0.03 ppm
Thallium Ti 81 0.06 ppm
Lead Pb 82 0.10 ppm
Bismuth Bi 83 <0.10 ppm
Polonium Po 84 <0.001 ppm
Astat At 85 <0.001 ppm
Francium Fr 87 <1.0 ppm
Radium Ra 88 <0.001 ppm
Actinium Ac 89 <0.001 ppm
Thorium Th 90 <0.001 ppm
Protactinium Pa 91 <0.001 ppm
Uranium U 92 <0.001 ppm
Neptunium Np 93 <0.001 ppm
Plutonium Pu 94 <0.001 ppm
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26 Responses to “Chemical Analysis of Natural Himalayan Pink Rock Salt”

  1. on 15 Sep 2010 at 4:19 pmMeg

    Is there a comparable analysis of Redman Rock salt from Utah?

  2. on 17 Dec 2011 at 7:53 amT.S. Post

    What was the source of the sample used in the analysis and who performed the chemical analysis?

  3. on 17 Jan 2012 at 5:06 pmMark Bitterman

    The analysis you see here is from a work entitled Water & Salt: The Essence of Life, by Peter Ferreira and Dr. Barbara Hendel, M.D. It’s consistent with our own analysis as well.

  4. on 23 Jan 2012 at 12:25 amDAVID MEDLYN


    I note that the analysis in Salt News is taken from Peter Ferreira’s and Dr Barbara Hendel’s book from 2002 and I am wondering if you can direct me to a more current analysis of Himalayan rock salt.



  5. on 23 Jan 2012 at 7:11 amKathryn Summers

    I’ve seen several other chemical analysis of HPS, and in each one, the iron content (which, I suppose gives HPS its color) is very high. In this case:

    Iron Fe 38.9 ppm

    I’m trying to find any information about HPS iron content. It’s the only salt we use, for a number of reasons. Celtic is too moldy, even when baked. Redmond is too salty, leaving sand and grit behind. But I’m worried about the iron content. And someone else I talked to is concerned that the type of iron in HPS is unhealthy – that the pink color indicates the iron has oxidized.

    I picked up a copy of your book, but I didn’t see this discussed. Thanks for any insight you might have!

  6. on 23 Jan 2012 at 7:12 amKathryn Summers

    P.S. Tried to subscribe to the RSS Feed, but received an error.

  7. on 05 Mar 2012 at 10:20 pmRich

    All salt is harmful in high quantities. Iron supplemented into any males diet is bad. Iron oxide isn’t good for anyone. So are a plethora of any other elements and compounds found in any salt. When using salt use it all sparingly…yes each natural salt has different pluses and minuses and flavour. The thing is don’t over use it and do your research…. and never trust the word of a site that sells the product. Always look for 3rd party research. What good is the research if the person has a vested interest in it’s sale?

  8. on 13 Mar 2012 at 3:14 pmMark Bitterman

    @Rich – We’ve written a new post to answer your question about iron in salt –

  9. on 04 Apr 2012 at 7:08 amJackC

    With all respect, the publication of an authoritative chemical analysis of this nature should include the fullest possible citation of its provenance, including the laboratory that performed it, the date of the analysis, the material source documentation to the mining area, the field sampling procedure, the chain of title to the sample provided and the laboratory sampling and testing procedures.

  10. on 05 Apr 2012 at 3:48 pmMark Bitterman

    @JackC – I really appreciate the points you bring up. This analysis was posted as a courtesy and a resource for those with a passing curiosity about salt, not as a claim about any particular scientific or nutritional fact. What you say would be true if we were intending for this to be THE authoritative analysis. I have updated the post in hopes of clarifying this. Hopefully it’s helpful to you in that regard.

  11. on 18 May 2012 at 10:03 pmDavis

    Well, here’s a weird question. My son got a rock salt, well, rock as a gift. When he found out it was a salt it started licking it. He still has the rock and every once in a while will get it and lick it. I wondered if it could get moldy or if doing htis coudl make him sick. Gross, I know, but he is the only one licking it!

  12. on 23 May 2012 at 12:01 pmMark Bitterman

    @Davis – Salt is a natural anti-microbial substance. Very, very few bacteria can grow on it due to salt’s ability to suck moister from anything touching it. We are not medical professionals, and cannot tell you whether or not this will make your son sick. I will say, however, that we had an employee a few years back who would sometimes suck on Jolly Rancher sized chunks of salt, and she seemed fine.

  13. on 20 Sep 2012 at 9:58 ammirza m ishaq khan

    presentation has been very informative, easy and a good knowledge

  14. on 13 Dec 2012 at 4:50 pmLinda

    Why does Himalayan salt taste so much saltier than other salts. 1T of himalayan salt in 1 quart of water makes the water (used for fermentation of vegetables) unbearably salty, whereas 1 T of Mortons OR of sea salt does not.
    I am using the salt to ferment the vegetables via lacto-fermentation. I need to cut down on the amount of Himalayan salt because the saltiness is unbearable. However, the salt is used to prevent the growth of harmful organisms. How can I use enough salt to prevent such growth yet not so much that it is too salty?

  15. on 14 Dec 2012 at 3:44 pmMark Bitterman

    @Linda – The answer to this question is to always use these salts by weight for canning, fermentation, etc. Himalayan has less sodium chloride per ounce than Morton’s or sea salt, but it is typically denser. So 1T of Himalayan salt has more grams of salt than Morton’s or sea salt. Ounce for ounce, Himalayan Pink has more flavor and should not have more saltiness.

    SALTED has a recipe using sel gris, which has way less NaCl per ounce than Himalayan Pink. It works perfectly because the level of trace minerals does not negatively affect the biological process of fermentation (it may actually help it).

  16. [...] Himalayan salt does have some (lots of) minerals, but they’re pretty much only present in trace amounts. About 98-99% of the minerals will be [...]

  17. on 01 Mar 2013 at 2:32 amr.v.mirji.

    what is the differance between rocksalt & saindhava lavana

  18. [...] hell of a lot of salt! Sodium Versus Salt – Difference Between Salt and Sodium in Sodium Chloride Chemical Analysis of Natural Himalayan Pink Rock Salt | Salt News Reply With [...]

  19. on 06 Mar 2013 at 5:23 pmMark Bitterman

    Saindhava Lavana is another name for Himalayan Pink salt, a rock salt. We did a blog post to answer this question:

  20. on 17 Mar 2013 at 7:39 amweightinkg

    Thanks for finally writing about > Chemical Analysis of Natural Himalayan Pink Rock Salt | Salt News < Liked it!

  21. on 14 Jun 2013 at 2:15 pmRachael

    Wondering which salt is the most pure? I tested my salt which is supposed be organic and it’s from Western Australia in some lake and it came up that its got mercury in it.

  22. [...] Himalayan Salt: [...]

  23. on 20 Jul 2013 at 7:18 pmagadir

    what is the differance between rocksalt & sea Salt ??

  24. on 22 Jul 2013 at 1:28 pmMark Bitterman

    A rock salt is a salt mined from the earth. They’re usually formed when an ancient ocean dries up and is buried for millions of years. Himalayan Rock salt, for example, is hundreds of millions of years old. Sea salt is evaporated from the modern ocean. So in a sense, they’re both ‘sea salt’, but their properties and taste are much different.

  25. on 10 Oct 2013 at 5:11 amGabriela Kappler


    I’m a Brasilian student and I’m developing a research about reduction of sodium. I saw in your website the Himalayan Salt and there are informations about the composition of it. I’d like to know where did you take this informations from, if it’s a book or an article… Because it’s difficult to find a complete article like your websibe has. Can you help me, please?
    Thanks for attention!


    Gabriela Kappler

  26. on 31 Oct 2013 at 11:22 amMark Bitterman

    As mentioned in a previous comment, the analysis you see here is from a work entitled Water & Salt: The Essence of Life, by Peter Ferreira and Dr. Barbara Hendel, M.D. It’s consistent with our own analysis as well.

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